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Assessment of the impact of plug-in electric vehicles on distribution networks

L. Pieltain, T. Gómez, R. Cossent, C. Mateo, P. Frías

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) present environmental and energy security advantages versus conventional gasoline vehicles. In the near future, the number of plug-in electric vehicles will likely grow significantly in the world. Despite the aforementioned advantages, the connection of PEV to the power grid poses a series of new challenges for electric utilities. This paper proposes a comprehensive approach for evaluating the impact of different levels of PEV penetration on distribution network investment and incremental energy losses. The proposed approach is based on the use of a large-scale distribution planning model which is used to analyze two real distribution areas. Obtained results show that depending on the charging strategies, investment costs can increase up to 15% of total actual distribution network investment costs, and energy losses can increase up to 40% in off-peak hours for a scenario with 60% of total vehicles being PEV.

Keywords: Distribution investment, distribution network planning, electricity distribution, network energy losses, plug-in electric vehicles

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 206-213

JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: 2.678 - Q1 (2011); 5.255 - Q1 (2017).

DOI reference: DOI icon 10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2049133    

Published on paper: February 2011.

    Topics research:
  • *Smart grids

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