We report a rigorous theory to show the origin of the unexpected periodic behavior seen in the consecutive differences between prime numbers. We also check numerically our findings to ensure that they hold for finite sequences of primes, that would eventually appear in applications. Finally, our theory allows us to link with three different but important topics: the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture, the statistical mechanics of spin systems, and the celebrated Sierpinski fractal. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: prime numbers, fractals, spin systems
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. Volume: 360 Issue: 2 Pages: 285-296
JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: JCR impact factor: 1.311 (2006); 2.132 (2017).
DOI reference: 10.1016/j.physa.2005.06.066
Published on paper: February 2006.
S. Ares, M. Castro. Hidden structure in the randomness of the prime number sequence?. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. vol. 360, no. 2, pp. 285-296, February 2006.