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Project information

Transport and policies for the transition to a low-carbon economy in Spain

P. Linares

January 2019 - September 2022

Funding entity Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCI), Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI), Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)

Participated by Universidade de Vigo, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Universidad del País Vasco, CSIC

The transport sector has become one of the fundamental sectors in fighting against climate change. The great importance of emissions in this sector (responsible for 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions as well as significant emissions of local pollutants) makes it paramount to accelerate the energy transition process. This requires transforming existing mobility policies, among other things, by facilitating the transition from combustion to electric vehicles.
This transformation process must begin both at a local level with new strategies for environmental sustainability and urban mobility as well as at the state and regional level to penalize the use of polluting vehicles, subsidize the acquisition of clean vehicles and implement tax reforms incorporating environmental criteria. These new policies must be approached from different perspectives. Reforms are required to keep pace with the long and short-term transition in the private vehicle market. It is equally important to establish compensatory mechanisms to avoid the distribution of a disproportionately large share of the costs of these policies to certain population groups.
Within this context, this project aims to study the policies required to deal with this transition in Spain in the short-term, both by reforming fuel and vehicle registration taxes as well as promoting energy efficient vehicles. This project is therefore structured in three lines of work that are interrelated but also relatively independent. The first of them, based on the analysis of the current situation of private residential transport in Spain, will analyze the environmental, tax and distributive impacts on Spanish households of the tax reform on fuel and vehicle registration; it will study the impact of modifying tax rates and consider different recycling alternatives of additional income/revenue that could/might compensate the possible regressive effects of the reforms. The second line of work aims to develop a homogeneous database on mobility in Spain that could expand the current energy-environmental models to include the transport sector at a level of detail that would allow us to identify the most efficient policies in the area within the context of a broad energy transition. Last but not least, the third line of work will analyze the capacity of various public policies to promote energy-efficient cars in the Spanish market.
The results of the above-mentioned lines of work may contribute to an informed design and evaluation of foreseeable reforms in public transport policies in Spain, to be undertaken in the coming years, in line with the objectives and proposals put forward by the EU.

Project RTI2018-093692-B-I00 funded by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCI), Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)