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Risk-averse electrolyser sizing in industrial parks: an efficient stochastic-robust approach

M. Tostado-Véliz, A.R. Jordehi, S.A. Mansouri, A. Escámez, Y.Z. Alharthi, F. Jurado

Applied Energy Vol. 367, pp. 123389-1 - 123389-15


Hydrogen is called to be one of the most important energy vectors in future energy systems. Nowadays, its use in the industry sector is prominent, finding multiple applications in fertilizer production or oil refining. In this sense, some industry sectors demand a considerable amount of hydrogen for their processes. In many cases, hydrogen must be purchased externally, which supposes a challenge due to hydrogen transportation is costly and few efficient. In this context, local hydrogen production through mature electrolysis technology may suppose an attractive alternative in industrial parks. This paper focuses on this topic, in particular, a risk-averse electrolyser sizing methodology is developed. The new approach accounts for uncertainties in electricity prices as well as local renewable generation and demand through an original hybrid stochastic-robust model. The developed uncertainty modelling is integrated into a novel four-level optimization framework, whose main result is the optimal electrolyser rated power. To efficiently attain the solution, an original hybridization of the Benders' decomposition and the Column and Constraint Generation Algorithm is proposed. The developed methodology results efficient in an illustrative three-industry park, showing that installing local hydrogen generation may reduce the amount of hydrogen purchased externally (by 38%) and project costs by 2.5%. Furthermore, increasing the robustness level leads to increase the project cost by 8%, while assuming unfavourable realization of uncertainties. Moreover, the developed tool is further validated in larger parks, involving an increasing number of industries, showing that the proposed methodology scales well with the size of the park.

Resumen divulgativo:

Este trabajo desarrolla una metodología de dimensionamiento de electrolizadores que incorpora incertidumbres en los precios de la electricidad, la generación renovable local y la demanda mediante un novedoso modelo híbrido estocástico-robusto. Este modelo de incertidumbre se integra en un innovador marco de optimización de cuatro niveles para determinar la potencia nominal óptima del electrolizador.

Palabras Clave: Electrolyser; Hydrogen; Industrial park; Risk-averse optimization; Robust optimization

Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil WoS: 11,200 - Q1 (2022)

Referencia DOI: DOI icon

Publicado en papel: Agosto 2024.

Publicado on-line: Mayo 2024.

M. Tostado-Véliz, A.R. Jordehi, S.A. Mansouri, A. Escámez, Y.Z. Alharthi, F. Jurado, Risk-averse electrolyser sizing in industrial parks: an efficient stochastic-robust approach. Applied Energy. Vol. 367, pp. 123389-1 - 123389-15, Agosto 2024. [Online: Mayo 2024]

    Líneas de investigación:
  • Integración de energía renovable

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