This paper presents a novel methodology in the field of Prognosis and predictive Maintenance (PdM) of industrial components. It has been designed as an inclusive PdM approach grounded on flexible strategies capable of characterizing the behavior of an industrial system regardless of its nature in terms of its physics, dynamics, or evolution in time. The proposed method includes two behavioral indicators computed through a robust method based on Behavior Patterns. These two indicators (Deviation and Similarity) provide a precise characterization of the behaviors of an industrial system. The prognosis of both indicators is carried out through three different Neural Network (NN) architectures: a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and two types of Long–Short Term Memory (LSTM) NNs with two different configurations. Among these configurations, this study proposes a novel LSTM architecture characterized by its Chained Sequential Memory (CSM) architecture based on Peephole Connections. The three architectures are studied and compared in detail in order to determine which one achieves better results in prognosis. The originality of this approach lies in the prognosis of behaviors by applying indicators to enhance and make more intuitive the characterization and prognosis of the state of the system. The proposed LSTM CSM architecture reduces the forecast error by around 50% in comparison to MLP and Stacked LSTM architectures. This study includes an application to a real case in which the new methodology is implemented for the prognosis of the cooling system of a power plant diesel generator. The results obtained prove the advantages and possibilities that the proposed methodology has for industrial applications.
Este estudio propone la utilización de indicadores para llevar a cabo el diagnóstico de un sistema. La predicción de dichos indicadores a través de una novedosa architectura LSM basada en conexiones de Memoria Sequencial Encadadas presenta mejoras sustanciales en aplicaciones de prognosis.
Palabras Clave: Prognosis; Fault diagnosis; Behavior characterization; LSTM; Diesel engines
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil WoS: 11.245 - Q1 (2021)
Referencia DOI: 10.1016/j.compind.2022.103771
Publicado en papel: Enero 2023.
Publicado on-line: Septiembre 2022.
P. Calvo-Báscones, M.A. Sanz-Bobi. Advanced prognosis methodology based on behavioral indicators and chained sequential memory neural networks with a diesel engine applicat. Computers in Industry. Vol. 144, pp. 103771-1 - 103771-13, Enero 2023. [Online: Septiembre 2022]