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Información del artículo

Self-fulfilling or self-destroying prophecy? The relevance of de-rating factors in modern capacity mechanisms

P. Brito-Pereira, P. Rodilla, P. Mastropietro, C. Batlle

Applied Energy Vol. 314, pp. 118939-1 - 118939-13

Resumen:

Capacity mechanisms aim at enhancing mid- to long-term reliability by adding an extra income for generation and demand response resources, based on their firm capacity, a parameter commonly defined by the regulator. The firm capacity is often calculated by multiplying the installed capacity by a de-rating factor, to reflect the expected capability of the resources to contribute to system reliability. Computing de-rating factors is quite a challenging and pivotal task, for any error in its determination can seriously affect the performance of the capacity mechanism.

In this paper, using a two-step model that simulates both the capacity auction and the short-term market, we show that the ex-ante definition of firm capacity influences investment decisions, altering the resulting resource mix and, in the end, the very contribution to the system reliability of the resources. Being aware of this potential mismatch caused by the definition of the firm capacity is fundamental for regulators to avoid paying for something that may be unable to contribute to meet the desired reliability target, or which could even deteriorate system adequacy.

The discussion is illustrated with a case example, focusing on the impact of the definition of solar PV de-rating on the outcome of the capacity mechanism and the reliability of the system.


Resumen divulgativo:

A través de un modelo de simulación, el artículo muestra cómo la definición a priori del suministro firme afecta las decisiones de inversión de los agentes, alterando el mix de recursos y, finalmente, la misma contribución a la fiabilidad del sistema de los recursos.


Palabras Clave: Capacity mechanisms; Reliability; Security of supply; De-rating; Firm capacity; Capacity auctions


Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil WoS: 11,200 - Q1 (2022)

Referencia DOI: DOI icon 10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.118939

Publicado en papel: Mayo 2022.

Publicado on-line: Marzo 2022.



Cita:
P. Brito-Pereira, P. Rodilla, P. Mastropietro, C. Batlle Self-fulfilling or self-destroying prophecy? The relevance of de-rating factors in modern capacity mechanisms. Applied Energy. Vol. 314, pp. 118939-1 - 118939-13, Mayo 2022. [Online: Marzo 2022]


    Líneas de investigación:
  • Diseño y regulación de mercados energéticos
  • Análisis de políticas energéticas sostenibles