Additive manufacturing is gaining importance thanks to its multiple advantages. Stereolithography (SLA) shows the highest accuracy and the lowest anisotropy, which has facilitated the emergence of new applications as dentistry or tissue engineering. However, the availability of commercial photopolymers is still limited, and there is an increasing interest in developing resins with properties adapted for these new applications. The addition of graphene-based nanomaterials (GBN) may provide interesting advantages, such as improved mechanical properties and bioactivity. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the effect of GBNs on the polymerization reaction. A photopolymerizable acrylic resin has been used, and the effect of the addition of 0.1wt% of graphene (G); graphene oxide (GO) and graphite nanoplatelets (GoxNP) on printability and polymerization have been investigated. It was observed that the effect depended on GBN type, functionalization and structure (e.g., number of layers, size, and morphology) due to differences in the extent of dispersion and light absorbance.
The obtained results showed that GO and GoxNP did not significantly affect the printability and quality of the final structure, whilst the application of G exhibited a negative effect in terms of printability due to a reduction in the polymerization degree.
GO and GoxNP-loaded resins showed a great potential to be used for manufacturing structures by SLA.
La variedad de fotopolímeros comerciales para SLA es aún limitada y resulta muy interesante el desarrollo de resinas con propiedades adaptadas a nuevas aplicaciones, como ingeniería de tejidos. La adición de GBN posee muchas ventajas, como la mejora de propiedades mecánicas y bioactividad. Sin embargo, hay una falta de conocimiento sobre el efecto de los GBN en la polimerización.
Palabras Clave: Nanocomposites, Graphene-based nanomaterials, Stereolithography, Photocurable polymer, Printing accuracy
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil WoS: 6.638 - Q1 (2020)
Referencia DOI: 10.18063/ijb.v8i2.0001
Publicado en papel: Marzo 2022.
Publicado on-line: Enero 2022.
S. López de Armentia, S. Fernández-Villamarín, Y. Ballesteros, J.C. del Real-Romero, N. Dunne, E. Paz. 3D printing of a graphene-modified photopolymer using stereolithography for biomedical applications: a study of the polymerization reaction. International Journal of Bioprinting. Vol. 8, nº. 1, pp. 1 - 16, Marzo 2022. [Online: Enero 2022]