This study aimed to identify the association between behavioral factors and crashes of motorcycle taxi riders using the Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire (MRBQ).
This study was a cross-sectional survey of motorcycle taxi riders in Cartagena. The MRBQ was adapted to the socio-cultural context and contained 45 items. The survey was conducted between February 2019 and May 2019. The items of the MRBQ were processed using factor analysis. Four logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between behavioral factors and aspects of demographics, operating conditions, and experiencing near-crashes, crashes, traffic tickets, and at-fault crashes.
Four hundred and thirty-eight motorcyclists participated. The exploratory factor analysis extracted five elements: stunts, speed violations, traffic errors, control errors, and safety, explaining 42% of the variance. The increase in riding per week showed significant differences with stunts, speed violations, and traffic errors. Riding experiences, traffic errors, control errors, and safety were significantly associated with crashes and near-crashes. Stunts were the strongest factors related to traffic tickets. Speed violations were the strongest factors associated with at-fault accidents.
The study showed recent results considering behavioral, exposure, and operational conditions in a group of motorcycle taxi riders. The study recommends some practical implications for the well-being of motorcyclists and road safety.
El objetivo del estudio fue encontrar los factores de comportamiento asociados a la probabilidad de sufrir una colisión entre usuarios y conductores de mototaxis en la ciudad de Cartagena (Colombia). Se realizó un estudio transversal sobre una muestra de 438 usuarios utilizando el cuestionario MRBQ.
Palabras Clave: Motorcycle; crash; behavior; Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire (MRBQ); motorcycle taxi riders
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil WoS: 1.491 - Q4 (2020)
Referencia DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1970749
In press: Septiembre 2021.
H. Ospina-Mateus, L. Quintana Jiménez, F.J. López-Valdés. The rider behavior questionnaire to explore associations of motorcycle taxi crashes in Cartagena (Colombia). Traffic Injury Prevention.