The application of complex-network techniques to the analysis of power grids can provide interesting complementary insights to power studies such as the generation of synthetic power grids. Synthetic power grids are realistic, albeit non-real, case studies that are topologically consistent with respect to real power networks. As a preliminary step to the generation of synthetic power grids, we use complex-network techniques to analyse several European power networks from a topological point of view. We observe that real topologies are markedly heterogeneous. Then, we present our main contribution: a novel model that generates synthetic spatial power networks which mimics the historical evolution of power systems taking into account economic and technical factors. The model is articulated in two steps; a first one focused on economic efficiency in which power demand is met and a second one targeted at increasing network robustness whilst achieving topological attributes. The resulting synthetic networks are topologically consistent with real power grids. The parametrical nature of the proposed model allows the generation of different instances of consistent power networks, a very interesting feature for grid generation.
Palabras clave: Complex networks, network topology, power grids, power systems, topology.
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil Scopus: 4.337 - Q1 (2017)
Referencia DOI: 10.1109/JSYST.2018.2865104
Publicado on-line: Agosto 2018.