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An optimisation-based conjectured supply function equilibrium model for network constrained electricity markets

J. Barquín, B. Vitoriano, E. Centeno, F. Fernández-Menéndez

This paper proposes a model to compute nodal prices in oligopolistic markets. The model generalizes a previous model aimed at solving the single-bus problem by applying an optimisation procedure. Both models can be classified as Conjectured Supply Function models. The Conjectured Supply Functions are assumed to be linear with constant slopes. However, the price sensitivity as seen for each generating unit depends on the system line’s status (congested or not congested). Market equilibrium is defined in this framework. A procedure based on solving an optimisation problem is proposed. It only requires convexity of cost functions. However, existence of equilibrium is not guaranteed in this multi-nodal situation, and an iterative search is required to find it if it exists. A two area multi-period case study is analysed. The model reaches equilibrium for some cases, mainly depending on the number of periods considered and on the value of conjectured supply function slopes. Some oscillation patterns are observed that can be interpreted as quasi-equilibria. This methodology can be applied to the study of the future Iberian electricity market.

Keywords: OR in Energy; Electricity Markets; Network Constraints

Registration date: 01/01/2006


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