Tunable left-handed (LH) wire antennas over a ground plane are presented in this paper. These antennas are small and have a wide tuning bandwidth and are matched to 50 ? within the operation range. Two kinds of antennas have been developed: the monopole antenna and the half-loop antenna over ground plane. In both cases, the antennas are designed, manufactured and measured at fixed frequencies as a first step. After that, a study to replace some LH components with variable capacitors has been carried out for each antenna. Tunability over a wide bandwidth has been achieved. Finally, some prototypes of both antennas have been manufactured and measured. The tunable LH monopole antenna has been measured showing a monopolar radiation pattern with a 28% tuning bandwidth (695-924 MHz). Its radiation efficiency takes values between 50% and 70% within all the tuning bandwidth and the maximum dimension varies only between 0.11?0 at 695 MHz and 0.15?0 at 924 MHz. The tunable LH half-loop antenna over a ground plane has a radiation pattern with maximum radiation orthogonal to the ground plane. It has a 1.64:1 measured tuning bandwidth properly matched to 50 ? (considering |s11| <; -10 dB). Its measured radiation efficiency is always above 54% within the working bandwidth.
Palabras clave: Left-handed materials, loop antenna, monopole antenna, reconfigurable antennas, tunable antennas.
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. Volumen: 59 Numero: 5 Páginas: 1460-1471
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil Scopus: 2.151 - Q1 (2011); 4.130 - Q1 (2017).
Referencia DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2011.2128851
Publicado en papel: Mayo 2011. Publicado on-line: Marzo 2011.
F.J. Herraiz-Martínez, P.S. Hall, Q. Liu, D. Segovia-Vargas. Left-handed wire antennas over ground plane with wideband tuning. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 1460-1471, Mayo 2011. [Online: Marzo 2011]