The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study «The Future of the Electric Grid,» published in December 2011, examined challenges for power systems and concluded with a number of findings and recommendations. The study carefully separated recommendations for transmission from those meant for distribution. Transmission analysis focused on the lack of comprehensive planning at interconnected system levels, siting governance shortcomings, new technologies to enhance grid observability and security, and cybersecurity issues. It also stressed the additional flexibility requirements imposed by the growing presence of intermittent wind and solar generation in the generation mix. At the distribution level, in addition to concerns related to privacy and cybersecurity, recommendations focused on the need for a transition to dynamic pricing for end consumers, promotion of innovation in network design and management, data availability and ownership, and tariff reforms to support distribution network cost recovery.
Palabras clave: Electricity supply industry; Energy resources; Load flow; Power distribution; Power generation; Power grids; Power system economics; Power system planning; Substations
IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. Volumen: 14 Numero: 4 Páginas: 41-53
Índice de impacto JCR y cuartil Scopus: 1.953 - Q1 (2016); 2.689 - Q2 (2017).
Referencia DOI: 10.1109/MPE.2016.2550398
Publicado en papel: Julio 2016. Publicado on-line: Junio 2016.
I.J. Pérez-Arriaga. The transmission of the future: the impact of distributed energy resources on the network. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 41-53, Julio 2016. [Online: Junio 2016]