Go top
Paper information

Numerical modeling and design of supercritical CO2 pre-cooler for fusion nuclear reactors

I.P. Serrano, A. Cantizano, J.I. Linares, B.Y. Moratilla, I. Fernández, L. Sedano

One of the key issues of fusion technology is the efficient recovery of the fusion power extracted by heat transfer fluids in the breeding blanket. The Spanish National Program TECNO FUS is exploring a dual-coolant breeding blanket design concept and its plant auxiliary systems for a future power reactor (DEMO), with liquid lead–lithium as main primary nuclear power recovering fluid. Supercritical CO2 is chosen for the secondary circuit, since its high efficiency at significantly lower required temperatures than for the Brayton helium cycle, due to low compression work near the critical point and also because its additional major benefits in terms of tritium control. Use of printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHE) is suggested in literature due to its highly compact design and robustness for the high pressures found. This work deals with the heat exchanger devoted to release the thermal energy of the power cycle to the thermal sink. The aim of this work is analyzing how the nearness of the CO2 to its critical point affects the performance of the heat exchanger. Computer Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations that include the complex thermal behavior of CO2 properties at supercritical conditions are used in order to achieve an accurate approach to the design of this heat exchanger. These results are compared with others obtained through correlations found in the open literature. The behavior of CO2 close to its critical point results in an inefficient use of the exchange area, giving a temperature profile in CO2 which remembers a condensation process and an overall heat transfer coefficient 1.4 times higher than the one achieved with literature correlations design.


Keywords: Feher cycle, PCHE, supercritical CO2


Fusion Engineering and Design. Volume: 87 Issue: 7-8 Pages: 1329-1332

JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: 0.842 - Q2 (2012); 1.437 - Q2 (2017).

DOI reference: DOI icon 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2012.03.011    

Published on paper: August 2012.



Citation:
I.P. Serrano, A. Cantizano, J.I. Linares, B.Y. Moratilla, I. Fernández, L. Sedano. Numerical modeling and design of supercritical CO2 pre-cooler for fusion nuclear reactors. Fusion Engineering and Design. vol. 87, no. 7-8, pp. 1329-1332, August 2012.


    Topics research:
  • *Energy systems: Heat transfer, Fluid dynamics, Thermoelectricity, Hydraulic and thermal machines, Energy efficiency and savings

PDF  Preview
Request Request the author to send the document



Aviso legal  |  Política de cookies |  Poítica de Privacidad

© Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería - ICAI, Instituto de Investigación Tecnológica

Calle de Santa Cruz de Marcenado, 26 - 28015 Madrid, España - Tel: (+34) 91 5422 800