Go top
Paper information

An economic analysis of used electric vehicle batteries integrated into commercial building microgrids

S. Beer, T. Gómez, D. Dallinger, I. Momber, C. Marnay, M. Stadler, J. Lai

Current policies in the U.S. and other countries are trying to stimulate electric transportation deployment. Consequently, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption will presumably spread among vehicle users.With the increased diffusion of PEVs, lithium-ion batteries will also enter the market on a broad scale. However, their costs are still high and ways are needed to optimally deploy vehicle batteries in order to account for the higher initial outlay. This study analyzed the possibility of extending the lifecycle of PEV batteries to a secondary, stationary application. Battery usage can be optimized by installing used battery packs in buildings’ microgrids. Employed as decentralized storage, batteries can be used for a microgrid’s power supply and provide ancillary services (A/S). This scenario has been modeled with the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which identifies optimal equipment combinations to meet microgrid requirements at minimum cost, carbon footprint, or other criteria. Results show that used PEV batteries can create significant monetary value if subsequently used for stationary applications.


IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 517-525

Journal Impact Factor: JCR impact factor 7.365 (2017)

DOI reference: DOI icon 10.1109/TSG.2011.2163091    

Published on paper: March 2012.

    Topics research:
  • *Green energy integration
  • *Smart grids

PDF  Preview
Request Request the author to send the document

Aviso legal  |  Política de cookies |  Política de Privacidad

© Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería - ICAI, Instituto de Investigación Tecnológica

Calle de Santa Cruz de Marcenado, 26 - 28015 Madrid, España - Tel: (+34) 91 5422 800