Throughout the history of the electricity industry, regulatory reform has been driven by the pursuit of tools able to create conditions that would favour infrastructure investment and, generally, to surmount the obstacles that hinder system expansion. This article addresses the interaction between regulatory schemes and electric power generation investment, with a review of the changing role of the State in the expansion of electricity supply in Latin America. It contains a critical assessment of changes in the regulatory framework since the outset of electric power market reform, describing the successive approaches to regulation adopted in the last three decades. The aim of this analysis is to help identify the key factors underlying the evolution of energy policies and to contribute to the formulation of a prospective view of the direction this evolution may reasonably be expected to take.
Keywords: Electricity markets; Regulation; Security of supply
Energy Policy. Volume: 38 Issue: 11 Pages: 7152-7160
Journal Impact Factor: JCR impact factor 4.140 (2016)
DOI reference: 10.1016/j.enpol.2010.07.037
Published on paper: November 2010.