Energy efficiency and conservation are major factors in the reduction of the environmental impact of the energy sector, particularly with regard to climate change. Energy efficiency also contributes to reducing external dependence and vulnerabilities in the energy domain. In this paper, we discuss the factors that influence energy efficiency and conservation decisions, and the most appropriate policies for their promotion. Although not all public policies seem justified, we argue that specific policies for promoting energy conservation may be required, preferably based on economic instruments or on the provision of information to consumers.
Keywords: Energy. Energy efficiency. Environment. Public policy
Journal of Economic Surveys. Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 573-592
JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: 1.581 (2010); 2.299 - Q1 (2017).
DOI reference: 10.1111/j.1467-6419.2009.00609.x
Published on paper: July 2010.