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Why distributed? A critical review of the tradeoffs between centralized and decentralized resources

S. Burger, J. D. Jenkins, S. Huntington, I.J. Pérez-Arriaga

The recent proliferation of distributed energy resources (DERs) is creating new options for the delivery of key electricity services, including energy, firm capacity, operating reserves, and even alternatives to transmission or distribution network investments. Rooftop solar photovoltaics (PVs) have the highest profile of these resources, but DERs include any generator or energy-storage device connected at distribution voltage levels and characterized by relatively small capacities (e.g., a few kilowatts to a few megawatts). In addition, improved power electronics and communication and control technologies enable more efficient and dynamic electricity consumption as well as the ability for flexible demand (demand response) to serve as a DER in many contexts.


Keywords: Investment, Propagation losses, Distributed power generation, Power system reliability, Load flow, Generators, Power distribution planning


IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 16-24

JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: 2.689 - Q2 (2017)

DOI reference: DOI icon 10.1109/MPE.2018.2885203    

Published on paper: March 2019. Published on-line: February 2019.


    Topics research:
  • Planning and operation of DER
  • Green energy integration
  • Energy markets design and regulation
  • Regulation of energy network infrastructures
  • Innovative business models in the power sector

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