Go top
Paper information

The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - a systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990–2009

J.L. Forman, F.J. López-Valdés, S. Duprey, D. Bose, E. Pozo de Dios, D. Subit, T. Gillispie, J.R. Crandall, M. Seguí-Gómez

Road traffic injuries account for 1.3 million deaths per year world-wide. Mitigating both fatalities and injuries requires a detailed understanding of the tolerance of the human body to external load. To identify research priorities, it is necessary to periodically compare trends in injury tolerance research to the characteristics of injuries occurring in the field. This study sought to perform a systematic review on the last twenty years of experimental injury tolerance research, and to evaluate those results relative to available epidemiologic data. Four hundred and eight experimental injury tolerance studies from 1990-2009 were identified from a reference index of over 68,000 papers. Examined variables included the body regions, ages, and genders studied; and the experimental models used. Most (20%) of the publications studied injury to the spine. There has also been a substantial volume of biomechanical research focused on upper and lower extremity injury, thoracic injury, and injury to the elderly - although these injury types still occur with regularity in the field. In contrast, information on pediatric injury and physiological injury (especially in the central nervous system) remains lacking. Given their frequency of injury in the field, future efforts should also include improving our understanding of tolerances and protection of vulnerable road users (e.g., motorcyclists, pedestrians).


Keywords: Automobiles; Biomechanics; Injuries; Prevention; Surveillance; Trauma


Accident Analysis & Prevention. Volume: 80 Pages: 7-17

JCR Impact Factor and Scopus quartile: JCR impact factor: 2.070 (2015); 3.058 (2018).

DOI reference: DOI icon 10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.004    

Published on paper: July 2015. Published on-line: April 2015.



Citation:
J.L. Forman, F.J. López-Valdés, S. Duprey, D. Bose, E. Pozo de Dios, D. Subit, T. Gillispie, J.R. Crandall, M. Seguí-Gómez. The tolerance of the human body to automobile collision impact - a systematic review of injury biomechanics research, 1990–2009. Accident Analysis & Prevention. vol. 80, pp. 7-17, July 2015. [Online: April 2015]


    Topics research:
  • *Mechanical systems: Structural mechanics, Machinery components, Fast prototyping, Metrology

PDF  Preview
Request Request the author to send the document



Aviso legal  |  Política de cookies |  Poítica de Privacidad

© Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería - ICAI, Instituto de Investigación Tecnológica

Calle de Santa Cruz de Marcenado, 26 - 28015 Madrid, España - Tel: (+34) 91 5422 800