Combining large penetration of wind and solar generation with Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) seems a promising solution for energy cost saving and emissions reduction. PEVs connected to the grid with smart charging strategies can be an effective way to integrate non-dispatchable renewable generation, smoothing the load curve, contributing to the system stability by providing regulation services, and moving unhealthy emissions away from city centers. This paper analyzes the combined penetration of PEVs, and wind and solar generation using a Unit Commitment model for the Spanish power system, providing some insight on how the penetration of these technologies affects relevant variables such as energy and reserve, thermal plants behavior (such as starts-up and shut-downs, technological energy share, generation costs or emissions) and systems costs.
Palabras clave: Electric vehicle, wind and solar power integration, emissions, unit commitment.
Energy Economics Iberian Conference, Lisboa, Lisboa (Portugal). 04 febrero 2016
Fecha de publicación: febrero 2016.
J. Villar, E. Salas, F.A. Campos, Combined penetration of wind and solar generation with plug-in electric vehicles, Energy Economics Iberian Conference - EEIC 2016. ISBN: 978-989-97531-4-3, pp. 59-72, Lisboa, Portugal, 04-05 Febrero 2016