The smart city is a sustainable and efficient urban center that provides high quality of life to its inhabitants with an optimal management of its resources, where clean and cost effective energy generation is a key issue. Under this setting, distributed generation can provide an adequate tool to deal with energy reliability and to successfully implement renewable sources; nevertheless, selection and scaling of energy systems, considering location, is not a trivial task. Frequently, the stakeholders analyze only one or two "popular" generation systems, and then calculate the output and return of investment in a simplified and approximated approach. This practice could lead the stakeholder to an inadequate technology mix. To tackle this problem, this paper reviews and models most common energy sources for distributed generation in a smart city context. Then, a technical economic analysis is developed for 2 cases, a household and a district, considering not only renewable sources but also efficient non-renewable technologies. The results of the numerical analysis help to assess the more adequate generation systems for a given application, energetic demand, and geographical characteristics. A well-developed analysis is essential for a better understanding of the available technologies and their synergies; as a result, the investors can choose the appropriate solutions, maximizing overall benefits.
Palabras clave: smart city; distributed generation; renewable sources;
2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications - ICRERA 2013, Madrid (España). 20 octubre 2013
Fecha de publicación: octubre 2013.
C. Calvillo, A. Sánchez, J. Villar, Distributed energy generation in smart cities, 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications - ICRERA 2013. ISBN: 978-1-4799-1464-7, pp. 161-166, Madrid, España, 20-23 Octubre 2013