Unbundling in power systems regulation stipulates aggregators to coordinate the scheduling of plug-in electric vehicles. This may involve centralized, i.e., direct load control and decentralized, i.e., indirect load control decision making. We compare the two via a bi-level programming approach that has the aggregator procuring electricity from dayahead and balancing markets (upper level) and PEVs reacting to different combinations of retail and network use-of-system charges (lower level).
20th Conference of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies - IFORS 2014. Barcelona, España. 13-18 Julio 2014
Published: July 2014.