High-speed trains are more and more widely used around the world. They are commonly installed in interconnected power systems by connecting each traction substation directly in different nodes among the network. The single-phase loads of high-speed railway systems do not produce excessive dangerous phase to phase unbalances in these robust networks. However, if high-speed trains are to be used in small isolated power systems, such as islands or non-interconnected power systems, problems of unacceptable phase to phase unbalances may appear. This is due to the small size of the system and its relatively weak network, that lead to a low short-circuit power in their nodes. This paper studies the impact of high-speed trains in small isolated power systems. Two different connections proposed by the infrastructure manager are analyzed. These connections try to reduce the impact of the railway network in power system network unbalances. Both connection schemes have been tested in a real small isolated power system in which a high-speed railway system is expected to be installed by the year 2018. Representative peak and valley scenarios for this year have been used in the analysis. The results obtained evidence that small isolated power systems are very sensitive to the incorporation of high-speed trains in their weak networks since high unbalances are obtained. Moreover, the results allow the selection of the connection that is more capable of reducing power system unbalances.
Keywords: high-speed train, phase to phase unbalances, small isolated power system.
13th International conference on design and operation in railway engineering 2012 - COMPRAIL 2012. New Forest, Reino Unido, 11-13 Septiembre 2012.
Published: September 2012.