This paper compares the estimated electromagnetic forces due to short circuits in power transformers using two computational models. The first model is based on approximate analytical expressions of the electromagnetic forces as they have been compiled in earlier versions of the IEC standard 60076-5. The second model is based on a finite element model of the transformer using the software FEMM (Finite Element Method Magnetics). The paper shows how valid for design purposes the analytical model is. Results have been obtained and compared from both models in a number of actual power distribution transformers. It is possible to conclude that the analytical formulation provide satisfactory results for the design of power transformers compared to detailed finite element models. A tool has been designed for this purposes which main features will be described in the paper.
Keywords: electromagnetic forces modelling in power transformers, assessment of electromagnetic forces in power transformers, power transformer design considerations, IEC 60076-5 Standard
3rd International Advanced Research Workshop on transformers. Santiago de Compostela, España. 3 - 6 Octubre 2010.
Published: October 2010.