Secondary Reserve Requirements (SRR) are usually estimated based upon unit failure rates, and demand and intermittent productions forecasting errors. These requirements are very often inputs to energy and reserve generation dispatch models. However, for the long term, the fact that renewable generation investments must also be computed, affects these requirements. This paper proposes a new Unit Commitment (UC) to represent the SRR in long-term electricity generation models as a function of the renewable investment decisions. Specifically, SRRs are computed as a function of the forecasting errors of renewable productions, and of the unavailability rates of the generation units, which are also outputs of the UC. The case studies show that, when SRRs are endogenous, investments in renewable generation can be lower than expected due to the additional reserve costs these technologies involve.
Palabras clave: ancillary services, reserve estimation, intermittent generation forecasting, unit commitment, investment decisions.
14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, Dresde (Alemania). 06 junio 2017
Fecha de publicación: junio 2017.
F.A. Campos, S. Doménech, J. Villar, Endogenous secondary reserves requirements in long-term electricity generation models, 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market - EEM17, Dresde, Alemania, 06-09 Junio 2017. , ISBN: 978-150905499-2